Source code for connector.queue.job

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#    Author: Guewen Baconnier
#    Copyright 2013 Camptocamp SA
#    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
#    it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as
#    published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the
#    License, or (at your option) any later version.
#    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#    GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
#    You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
#    along with this program.  If not, see <>.

import inspect
import functools
import hashlib
import logging
import uuid
import sys
from datetime import datetime, timedelta, MINYEAR
from cPickle import dumps, UnpicklingError, Unpickler
from cStringIO import StringIO

import openerp

from ..exception import (NotReadableJobError,

PENDING = 'pending'
ENQUEUED = 'enqueued'
DONE = 'done'
STARTED = 'started'
FAILED = 'failed'

STATES = [(PENDING, 'Pending'),
          (ENQUEUED, 'Enqueued'),
          (STARTED, 'Started'),
          (DONE, 'Done'),
          (FAILED, 'Failed')]

DEFAULT_PRIORITY = 10  # used by the PriorityQueue to sort the jobs
RETRY_INTERVAL = 10 * 60  # seconds

_logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)


[docs]def whitelist_unpickle_global(fn_or_class): """ Allow a function or class to be used in jobs By default, the only types allowed to be used in job arguments are: * the builtins: str/unicode, int/long, float, bool, tuple, list, dict, None * the pre-registered: datetime.datetime datetime.timedelta If you need to use an argument in a job which is not in this whitelist, you can add it by using:: whitelist_unpickle_global(fn_or_class_to_register) """ _UNPICKLE_WHITELIST.add(fn_or_class)
# register common types that might be used in job arguments whitelist_unpickle_global(datetime) whitelist_unpickle_global(timedelta) def _unpickle(pickled): """ Unpickles a string and catch all types of errors it can throw, to raise only NotReadableJobError in case of error. OpenERP stores the text fields as 'utf-8', so we specify the encoding. `loads()` may raises many types of exceptions (AttributeError, IndexError, TypeError, KeyError, ...). They are all catched and raised as `NotReadableJobError`). Pickle could be exploited by an attacker who would write a value in a job that would run arbitrary code when unpickled. This is why we set a custom ``find_global`` method on the ``Unpickler``, only jobs and a whitelist of classes/functions are allowed to be unpickled (plus the builtins types). """ def restricted_find_global(mod_name, fn_name): __import__(mod_name) mod = sys.modules[mod_name] fn = getattr(mod, fn_name) if not (fn in JOB_REGISTRY or fn in _UNPICKLE_WHITELIST): raise UnpicklingError( '{}.{} is not allowed in jobs'.format(mod_name, fn_name) ) return fn unpickler = Unpickler(StringIO(pickled)) unpickler.find_global = restricted_find_global try: unpickled = unpickler.load() except (StandardError, UnpicklingError): raise NotReadableJobError('Could not unpickle.', pickled) return unpickled
[docs]class JobStorage(object): """ Interface for the storage of jobs """
[docs] def store(self, job_): """ Store a job """ raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def load(self, job_uuid): """ Read the job's data from the storage """ raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def exists(self, job_uuid): """Returns if a job still exists in the storage.""" raise NotImplementedError
[docs]class OpenERPJobStorage(JobStorage): """ Store a job on OpenERP """ _job_model_name = 'queue.job' def __init__(self, session): super(OpenERPJobStorage, self).__init__() self.session = session self.job_model = self.session.env[self._job_model_name] assert self.job_model is not None, ( "Model %s not found" % self._job_model_name)
[docs] def job_record_with_same_identity_key(self, identity_key): """Check if a job to be executed with the same key exists.""" env = self.session.env existing = env['queue.job'].sudo().search( [('identity_key', '=', identity_key), ('state', 'in', [PENDING, ENQUEUED])], limit=1 ) return existing
[docs] def enqueue(self, func, model_name=None, args=None, kwargs=None, priority=None, eta=None, max_retries=None, description=None, channel=None, identity_key=None): """Create a Job and enqueue it in the queue. Return the job uuid. This expects the arguments specific to the job to be already extracted from the ones to pass to the job function. """ new_job = Job(func=func, model_name=model_name, args=args, kwargs=kwargs, priority=priority, eta=eta, max_retries=max_retries, description=description, channel=channel, identity_key=identity_key) new_job.user_id = self.session.uid if 'company_id' in self.session.context: company_id = self.session.context['company_id'] else: company_model = self.session.env[''] company_model = company_model.sudo(new_job.user_id) company_id = company_model._company_default_get( object='queue.job', field='company_id').id new_job.company_id = company_id if new_job.identity_key: existing = self.job_record_with_same_identity_key( new_job._identity_key) if existing: _logger.debug( 'a job has not been enqueued due to having ' 'the same identity key (%s) than job %s', new_job.identity_key, existing.uuid ) return existing.uuid return new_job.uuid
[docs] def enqueue_resolve_args(self, func, *args, **kwargs): """Create a Job and enqueue it in the queue. Return the job uuid.""" priority = kwargs.pop('priority', None) eta = kwargs.pop('eta', None) model_name = kwargs.pop('model_name', None) max_retries = kwargs.pop('max_retries', None) description = kwargs.pop('description', None) channel = kwargs.pop('channel', None) identity_key = kwargs.pop('identity_key', None) return self.enqueue(func, model_name=model_name, args=args, kwargs=kwargs, priority=priority, max_retries=max_retries, eta=eta, description=description, channel=channel, identity_key=identity_key)
[docs] def exists(self, job_uuid): """Returns if a job still exists in the storage.""" return bool(self.db_record_from_uuid(job_uuid))
[docs] def db_record_from_uuid(self, job_uuid): model = self.job_model.sudo() record =[('uuid', '=', job_uuid)], limit=1) if record: return record.with_env(self.job_model.env)
[docs] def db_record(self, job_): return self.db_record_from_uuid(job_.uuid)
[docs] def store(self, job_): """ Store the Job """ vals = {'state': job_.state, 'priority': job_.priority, 'retry': job_.retry, 'max_retries': job_.max_retries, 'exc_info': job_.exc_info, 'user_id': job_.user_id or self.session.uid, 'company_id': job_.company_id, 'result': unicode(job_.result) if job_.result else False, 'date_enqueued': False, 'date_started': False, 'date_done': False, 'eta': False, 'func_name': job_.func_name, 'identity_key': False, } dt_to_string = openerp.fields.Datetime.to_string if job_.date_enqueued: vals['date_enqueued'] = dt_to_string(job_.date_enqueued) if job_.date_started: vals['date_started'] = dt_to_string(job_.date_started) if job_.date_done: vals['date_done'] = dt_to_string(job_.date_done) if job_.eta: vals['eta'] = dt_to_string(job_.eta) if job_.identity_key: vals['identity_key'] = job_.identity_key db_record = self.db_record(job_) if db_record: db_record.write(vals) else: date_created = dt_to_string(job_.date_created) vals.update({'uuid': job_.uuid, 'name': job_.description, 'func_string': job_.func_string, 'date_created': date_created, 'model_name': (job_.model_name if job_.model_name else False), }) # if the channel is not specified, lets the job_model compute # the right one to use if vals.update({'forced_channel':}) vals['func'] = dumps((job_.func_name, job_.args, job_.kwargs)) self.job_model.sudo().create(vals)
[docs] def load(self, job_uuid): """ Read a job from the Database""" stored = self.db_record_from_uuid(job_uuid) if not stored: raise NoSuchJobError( 'Job %s does no longer exist in the storage.' % job_uuid) func = _unpickle(stored.func) (func_name, args, kwargs) = func dt_from_string = openerp.fields.Datetime.from_string eta = None if stored.eta: eta = dt_from_string(stored.eta) job_ = Job(func=func_name, args=args, kwargs=kwargs, priority=stored.priority, eta=eta, job_uuid=stored.uuid,,, identity_key=stored.identity_key) if stored.date_created: job_.date_created = dt_from_string(stored.date_created) if stored.date_enqueued: job_.date_enqueued = dt_from_string(stored.date_enqueued) if stored.date_started: job_.date_started = dt_from_string(stored.date_started) if stored.date_done: job_.date_done = dt_from_string(stored.date_done) job_.state = stored.state job_.result = stored.result if stored.result else None job_.exc_info = stored.exc_info if stored.exc_info else None job_.user_id = if stored.user_id else None job_.model_name = stored.model_name if stored.model_name else None job_.retry = stored.retry job_.max_retries = stored.max_retries if stored.company_id: job_.company_id = return job_
[docs]def identity_exact(job_): """Identity function using the model, method and all arguments as key When used, this identity key will have the effect that when a job should be created and a pending job with the exact same recordset and arguments, the second will not be created. It should be used with the ``identity_key`` argument: .. python:: from odoo.addons.connector.queue.job import identity_exact # [...] my_delayable_export_record_method.delay( session, "my.model",, force=True, identity_key=identity_exact) Alternative identity keys can be built using the various fields of the job. For example, you could compute a hash using only some arguments of the job. .. python:: def identity_example(job_): hasher = hashlib.sha1() hasher.update(str(job_.args)) hasher.update(str(job_.kwargs.get('foo', ''))) return hasher.hexdigest() Usually you will probably always want to include at least the name of the model and method. """ hasher = hashlib.sha1() hasher.update(job_.func_name.encode('utf-8')) hasher.update(str(job_.args).encode('utf-8')) hasher.update(str(sorted(job_.kwargs.items())).encode('utf-8')) hasher.update(str(job_.company_id).encode('utf-8')) hasher.update(str(job_.user_id).encode('utf-8')) return hasher.hexdigest()
[docs]class Job(object): """ A Job is a task to execute. .. attribute:: uuid Id (UUID) of the job. .. attribute:: state State of the job, can pending, enqueued, started, done or failed. The start state is pending and the final state is done. .. attribute:: retry The current try, starts at 0 and each time the job is executed, it increases by 1. .. attribute:: max_retries The maximum number of retries allowed before the job is considered as failed. .. attribute:: func_name Name of the function (in the form module.function_name). .. attribute:: args Arguments passed to the function when executed. .. attribute:: kwargs Keyword arguments passed to the function when executed. .. attribute:: func_string Full string representing the function to be executed, ie. module.function(args, kwargs) .. attribute:: description Human description of the job. .. attribute:: func The python function itself. .. attribute:: model_name OpenERP model on which the job will run. .. attribute:: priority Priority of the job, 0 being the higher priority. .. attribute:: date_created Date and time when the job was created. .. attribute:: date_enqueued Date and time when the job was enqueued. .. attribute:: date_started Date and time when the job was started. .. attribute:: date_done Date and time when the job was done. .. attribute:: result A description of the result (for humans). .. attribute:: exc_info Exception information (traceback) when the job failed. .. attribute:: user_id OpenERP user id which created the job .. attribute:: eta Estimated Time of Arrival of the job. It will not be executed before this date/time. .. attribute:: channel The complete name of the channel to use to process the job. If provided it overrides the one defined on the job's function. .. attribute::identity_key A key referencing the job, multiple job with the same key will not be added to a channel if the existing job with the same key is not yet started or executed. """ def __init__(self, func=None, model_name=None, args=None, kwargs=None, priority=None, eta=None, job_uuid=None, max_retries=None, description=None, channel=None, identity_key=None): """ Create a Job :param func: function to execute :type func: function :param model_name: name of the model targetted by the job :type model_name: str :param args: arguments for func :type args: tuple :param kwargs: keyworkd arguments for func :type kwargs: dict :param priority: priority of the job, the smaller is the higher priority :type priority: int :param eta: the job can be executed only after this datetime (or now + timedelta) :type eta: datetime or timedelta :param job_uuid: UUID of the job :param max_retries: maximum number of retries before giving up and set the job state to 'failed'. A value of 0 means infinite retries. :param description: human description of the job. If None, description is computed from the function doc or name :param identity_key: A hash to uniquely identify a job, or a function that returns this hash (the function takes the job as argument) """ if args is None: args = () assert isinstance(args, tuple), "%s: args are not a tuple" % args if kwargs is None: kwargs = {} assert isinstance(kwargs, dict), "%s: kwargs are not a dict" % kwargs assert func is not None, "func is required" self.state = PENDING self.retry = 0 if max_retries is None: self.max_retries = DEFAULT_MAX_RETRIES else: self.max_retries = max_retries self._uuid = job_uuid self.func_name = None if func: if inspect.ismethod(func): raise NotImplementedError('Jobs on instances methods are ' 'not supported') elif inspect.isfunction(func): self.func_name = '%s.%s' % (func.__module__, func.__name__) elif isinstance(func, basestring): self.func_name = func else: raise TypeError('%s is not a valid function for a job' % func) self.model_name = model_name # the model name is by convention the second argument of the job if self.model_name: args = tuple([self.model_name] + list(args)) self.args = args self.kwargs = kwargs self.priority = priority if self.priority is None: self.priority = DEFAULT_PRIORITY self.date_created = self._description = description if isinstance(identity_key, (str, unicode)): self._identity_key = identity_key self._identity_key_func = None else: # we'll compute the key on the fly when called # from the function self._identity_key = None self._identity_key_func = identity_key self.date_enqueued = None self.date_started = None self.date_done = None self.result = None self.exc_info = None self.user_id = None self.company_id = None self._eta = None self.eta = eta = channel def __cmp__(self, other): if not isinstance(other, Job): raise TypeError("Job.__cmp__(self, other) requires other to be " "a 'Job', not a '%s'" % type(other)) self_eta = self.eta or datetime(MINYEAR, 1, 1) other_eta = other.eta or datetime(MINYEAR, 1, 1) return cmp((self_eta, self.priority, self.date_created), (other_eta, other.priority, other.date_created))
[docs] def perform(self, session): """ Execute the job. The job is executed with the user which has initiated it. :param session: session to execute the job :type session: ConnectorSession """ with session.change_user(self.user_id): self.retry += 1 try: with session.change_context({'job_uuid': self._uuid}): self.result = self.func(session, *self.args, **self.kwargs) except RetryableJobError as err: if err.ignore_retry: self.retry -= 1 raise elif not self.max_retries: # infinite retries raise elif self.retry >= self.max_retries: type_, value, traceback = sys.exc_info() # change the exception type but keep the original # traceback and message: # new_exc = FailedJobError("Max. retries (%d) reached: %s" % (self.max_retries, value or type_) ) raise new_exc.__class__, new_exc, traceback raise return self.result
@property def func_string(self): if self.func_name is None: return None args = [repr(arg) for arg in self.args] kwargs = ['%s=%r' % (key, val) for key, val in self.kwargs.iteritems()] return '%s(%s)' % (self.func_name, ', '.join(args + kwargs)) @property def identity_key(self): if self._identity_key is None: if self._identity_key_func: self._identity_key = self._identity_key_func(self) return self._identity_key @identity_key.setter def identity_key(self, value): if isinstance(value, str): self._identity_key = value self._identity_key_func = None else: # we'll compute the key on the fly when called # from the function self._identity_key = None self._identity_key_func = value @property def description(self): descr = (self._description or self.func.__doc__ or 'Function %s' % self.func.__name__) return descr @property def uuid(self): """Job ID, this is an UUID """ if self._uuid is None: self._uuid = unicode(uuid.uuid4()) return self._uuid @property def func(self): func_name = self.func_name if func_name is None: return None module_name, func_name = func_name.rsplit('.', 1) __import__(module_name) module = sys.modules[module_name] return getattr(module, func_name) @property def eta(self): return self._eta @eta.setter def eta(self, value): if not value: self._eta = None elif isinstance(value, timedelta): self._eta = + value elif isinstance(value, int): self._eta = + timedelta(seconds=value) else: self._eta = value
[docs] def set_pending(self, result=None, reset_retry=True): self.state = PENDING self.date_enqueued = None self.date_started = None if reset_retry: self.retry = 0 if result is not None: self.result = result
[docs] def set_enqueued(self): self.state = ENQUEUED self.date_enqueued = self.date_started = None
[docs] def set_started(self): self.state = STARTED self.date_started =
[docs] def set_done(self, result=None): self.state = DONE self.exc_info = None self.date_done = if result is not None: self.result = result
[docs] def set_failed(self, exc_info=None): self.state = FAILED if exc_info is not None: self.exc_info = exc_info
def __repr__(self): return '<Job %s, priority:%d>' % (self.uuid, self.priority) def _get_retry_seconds(self, seconds=None): retry_pattern = self.func.retry_pattern if not seconds and retry_pattern: # ordered from higher to lower count of retries patt = sorted(retry_pattern.iteritems(), key=lambda t: t[0]) seconds = RETRY_INTERVAL for retry_count, postpone_seconds in patt: if self.retry >= retry_count: seconds = postpone_seconds else: break elif not seconds: seconds = RETRY_INTERVAL return seconds
[docs] def postpone(self, result=None, seconds=None): """ Write an estimated time arrival to n seconds later than now. Used when an retryable exception want to retry a job later. """ eta_seconds = self._get_retry_seconds(seconds) self.eta = timedelta(seconds=eta_seconds) self.exc_info = None if result is not None: self.result = result
[docs] def related_action(self, session): if not hasattr(self.func, 'related_action'): return None return self.func.related_action(session, self)
[docs]def job(func=None, default_channel='root', retry_pattern=None): """ Decorator for jobs. Optional argument: :param default_channel: the channel wherein the job will be assigned. This channel is set at the installation of the module and can be manually changed later using the views. :param retry_pattern: The retry pattern to use for postponing a job. If a job is postponed and there is no eta specified, the eta will be determined from the dict in retry_pattern. When no retry pattern is provided, jobs will be retried after :const:`RETRY_INTERVAL` seconds. :type retry_pattern: dict(retry_count,retry_eta_seconds) Add a ``delay`` attribute on the decorated function. When ``delay`` is called, the function is transformed to a job and stored in the OpenERP queue.job model. The arguments and keyword arguments given in ``delay`` will be the arguments used by the decorated function when it is executed. ``retry_pattern`` is a dict where keys are the count of retries and the values are the delay to postpone a job. The ``delay()`` function of a job takes the following arguments: session Current :py:class:`~openerp.addons.connector.session.ConnectorSession` model_name name of the model on which the job has something to do *args and **kargs Arguments and keyword arguments which will be given to the called function once the job is executed. They should be ``pickle-able``. There are 5 special and reserved keyword arguments that you can use: * priority: priority of the job, the smaller is the higher priority. Default is 10. * max_retries: maximum number of retries before giving up and set the job state to 'failed'. A value of 0 means infinite retries. Default is 5. * eta: the job can be executed only after this datetime (or now + timedelta if a timedelta or integer is given) * description : a human description of the job, intended to discriminate job instances (Default is the func.__doc__ or 'Function %s' % func.__name__) * channel : The complete name of the channel to use to process the job. If provided it overrides the one defined on the job's function. Example: .. code-block:: python @job def export_one_thing(session, model_name, one_thing): # work # export one_thing export_one_thing(session, 'a.model', the_thing_to_export) # => normal and synchronous function call export_one_thing.delay(session, 'a.model', the_thing_to_export) # => the job will be executed as soon as possible export_one_thing.delay(session, 'a.model', the_thing_to_export, priority=30, eta=60*60*5) # => the job will be executed with a low priority and not before a # delay of 5 hours from now @job(default_channel='root.subchannel') def export_one_thing(session, model_name, one_thing): # work # export one_thing @job(retry_pattern={1: 10 * 60, 5: 20 * 60, 10: 30 * 60, 15: 12 * 60 * 60}) def retryable_example(session): # 5 first retries postponed 10 minutes later # retries 5 to 10 postponed 20 minutes later # retries 10 to 15 postponed 30 minutes later # all subsequent retries postponed 12 hours later raise RetryableJobError('Must be retried later') retryable_example.delay(session) See also: :py:func:`related_action` a related action can be attached to a job """ if func is None: return functools.partial(job, default_channel=default_channel, retry_pattern=retry_pattern) def delay(session, model_name, *args, **kwargs): """Enqueue the function. Return the uuid of the created job.""" return OpenERPJobStorage(session).enqueue_resolve_args( func, model_name=model_name, *args, **kwargs) assert default_channel == 'root' or default_channel.startswith('root.'), ( "The channel path must start by 'root'") func.default_channel = default_channel assert retry_pattern is None or isinstance(retry_pattern, dict), ( "retry_pattern must be a dict" ) func.retry_pattern = retry_pattern func.delay = delay JOB_REGISTRY.add(func) return func