Source code for odoo.addons.component_event.components.event

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Copyright 2017 Camptocamp SA
# License AGPL-3.0 or later (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/agpl.html)

"""
Events
======

Events are a notification system.

On one side, one or many listeners await for an event to happen. On
the other side, when such event happen, a notification is sent to
the listeners.

An example of event is: 'when a record has been created'.

The event system allows to write the notification code in only one place, in
one Odoo addon, and to write as many listeners as we want, in different places,
different addons.

We'll see below how the ``on_record_create`` is implemented.

Notifier
--------

The first thing is to find where/when the notification should be sent.
For the creation of a record, it is in :meth:`odoo.models.BaseModel.create`.
We can inherit from the `'base'` model to add this line:

::

    class Base(models.AbstractModel):
        _inherit = 'base'

        @api.model
        def create(self, vals):
            record = super(Base, self).create(vals)
            self._event('on_record_create').notify(record, fields=vals.keys())
            return record

The :meth:`..models.base.Base._event` method has been added to the `'base'`
model, so an event can be notified from any model. The
:meth:`CollectedEvents.notify` method triggers the event and forward the
arguments to the listeners.

This should be done only once. See :class:`..models.base.Base` for a list of
events that are implemented in the `'base'` model.

Listeners
---------

Listeners are Components that respond to the event names.
The components must have a ``_usage`` equals to ``'event.listener'``, but it
doesn't to be set manually if the component inherits from
``'base.event.listener'``

Here is how we would log something each time a record is created::

    class MyEventListener(Component):
        _name = 'my.event.listener'
        _inherit = 'base.event.listener'

        def on_record_create(self, record, fields=None):
            _logger.info("%r has been created", record)

Many listeners such as this one could be added for the same event.


Collection and models
---------------------

In the example above, the listeners is global. It will be executed for any
model and collection. You can also restrict a listener to only a collection or
model, using the ``_collection`` or ``_apply_on`` attributes.

::

    class MyEventListener(Component):
        _name = 'my.event.listener'
        _inherit = 'base.event.listener'
        _collection = 'magento.backend'

        def on_record_create(self, record, fields=None):
            _logger.info("%r has been created", record)


    class MyModelEventListener(Component):
        _name = 'my.event.listener'
        _inherit = 'base.event.listener'
        _apply_on = ['res.users']

        def on_record_create(self, record, fields=None):
            _logger.info("%r has been created", record)


If you want an event to be restricted to a collection, the
notification must also precise the collection, otherwise all listeners
will be executed::


    collection = self.env['magento.backend']
    self._event('on_foo_created', collection=collection).notify(record, vals)

An event can be skipped based on a condition evaluated from the notified
arguments. See :func:`skip_if`


"""

import logging
import operator

from collections import defaultdict
from functools import wraps

from odoo.addons.component.core import AbstractComponent, Component

_logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

try:
    from cachetools import LRUCache, cachedmethod, keys
except ImportError:
    _logger.debug("Cannot import 'cachetools'.")

# Number of items we keep in LRU cache when we collect the events.
# 1 item means: for an event name, model_name, collection, return
# the event methods
DEFAULT_EVENT_CACHE_SIZE = 512


[docs]def skip_if(cond): """ Decorator allowing to skip an event based on a condition The condition is a python lambda expression, which takes the same arguments than the event. Example:: @skip_if(lambda self, *args, **kwargs: self.env.context.get('connector_no_export')) def on_record_write(self, record, fields=None): _logger('I'll delay a job, but only if we didn't disabled ' ' the export with a context key') record.with_delay().export_record() @skip_if(lambda self, record, kind: kind == 'complete') def on_record_write(self, record, kind): _logger("I'll delay a job, but only if the kind is 'complete'") record.with_delay().export_record() """ def skip_if_decorator(func): @wraps(func) def func_wrapper(*args, **kwargs): if cond(*args, **kwargs): return else: return func(*args, **kwargs) return func_wrapper return skip_if_decorator
[docs]class CollectedEvents(object): """ Event methods ready to be notified This is a rather internal class. An instance of this class is prepared by the :class:`EventCollecter` when we need to notify the listener that the event has been triggered. :meth:`EventCollecter.collect_events` collects the events, feed them to the instance, so we can use the :meth:`notify` method that will forward the arguments and keyword arguments to the listeners of the event. :: >>> # collecter is an instance of CollectedEvents >>> collecter.collect_events('on_record_create').notify(something) """ def __init__(self, events): self.events = events
[docs] def notify(self, *args, **kwargs): """ Forward the arguments to every listeners of an event """ for event in self.events: event(*args, **kwargs)
[docs]class EventCollecter(Component): """ Component that collects the event from an event name For doing so, it searches all the components that respond to the ``event.listener`` ``_usage`` and having an event of the same name. Then it feeds the events to an instance of :class:`EventCollecter` and return it to the caller. It keeps the results in a cache, the Component is rebuilt when the Odoo's registry is rebuilt, hence the cache is cleared as well. An event always starts with ``on_``. Note that the special :class:`odoo.addons.component_event.core.EventWorkContext` class should be used for this Component, because it can work without a collection. It is used by :meth:`odoo.addons.component_event.models.base.Base._event`. """ _name = 'base.event.collecter' @classmethod def _complete_component_build(cls): """ Create a cache on the class when the component is built """ super(EventCollecter, cls)._complete_component_build() # the _cache being on the component class, which is # dynamically rebuild when odoo registry is rebuild, we # are sure that the result is always the same for a lookup # until the next rebuild of odoo's registry cls._cache = LRUCache(maxsize=DEFAULT_EVENT_CACHE_SIZE) @cachedmethod(operator.attrgetter('_cache'), key=lambda self, name: keys.hashkey( self.work.collection._name if self.work._collection is not None else None, self.work.model_name, name) ) def _collect_events(self, name): events = defaultdict(set) collection_name = (self.work.collection._name if self.work._collection is not None else None) component_classes = self.work.components_registry.lookup( collection_name=collection_name, usage='event.listener', model_name=self.work.model_name, ) for cls in component_classes: if cls.has_event(name): events[cls].add(name) return events def _init_collected_events(self, class_events): events = set() for cls, names in class_events.iteritems(): for name in names: component = cls(self.work) events.add(getattr(component, name)) return events
[docs] def collect_events(self, name): """ Collect the events of a given name """ if not name.startswith('on_'): raise ValueError("an event name always starts with 'on_'") events = self._init_collected_events(self._collect_events(name)) return CollectedEvents(events)
[docs]class EventListener(AbstractComponent): """ Base Component for the Event listeners Events must be methods starting with ``on_``. Example: :class:`RecordsEventListener` """ _name = 'base.event.listener' _usage = 'event.listener'
[docs] @classmethod def has_event(cls, name): """ Indicate if the class has an event of this name """ return name in cls._events
@classmethod def _build_event_listener_component(cls): """ Make a list of events listeners for this class """ events = set([]) if not cls._abstract: for attr_name in dir(cls): if attr_name.startswith('on_'): events.add(attr_name) cls._events = events @classmethod def _complete_component_build(cls): super(EventListener, cls)._complete_component_build() cls._build_event_listener_component()