Source code for connector.components.synchronizer

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Copyright 2013-2017 Camptocamp SA
# License AGPL-3.0 or later (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/agpl.html)

"""

Synchronizer
============

A synchronizer orchestrates a synchronization with a backend. It's the actor
who runs the flow and glues the logic of an import or export (or else).
It uses other components for specialized tasks.

For instance, it will use the mappings to convert the data between both
systems, the backend adapters to read or write data on the backend and the
binders to create the link between them.

"""
import logging
import psycopg2

from odoo.addons.component.core import AbstractComponent
from contextlib import contextmanager
from odoo.addons.connector.exception import (IDMissingInBackend,
                                             RetryableJobError)
from odoo import _
import odoo

_logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)


[docs]class Synchronizer(AbstractComponent): """ Base class for synchronizers """ _name = 'base.synchronizer' _inherit = 'base.connector' #: usage of the component used as mapper, can be customized in sub-classes _base_mapper_usage = 'mapper' #: usage of the component used as backend adapter, #: can be customized in sub-classes _base_backend_adapter_usage = 'backend.adapter' def __init__(self, work_context): super(Synchronizer, self).__init__(work_context) self._backend_adapter = None self._binder = None self._mapper = None
[docs] def run(self): """ Run the synchronization """ raise NotImplementedError
@property def mapper(self): """ Return an instance of ``Mapper`` for the synchronization. The instanciation is delayed because some synchronisations do not need such an unit and the unit may not exist. It looks for a Component with ``_usage`` being equal to ``_base_mapper_usage``. :rtype: :py:class:`odoo.addons.component.core.Component` """ if self._mapper is None: self._mapper = self.component(usage=self._base_mapper_usage) return self._mapper @property def binder(self): """ Return an instance of ``Binder`` for the synchronization. The instanciation is delayed because some synchronisations do not need such an unit and the unit may not exist. :rtype: :py:class:`odoo.addons.component.core.Component` """ if self._binder is None: self._binder = self.binder_for() return self._binder @property def backend_adapter(self): """ Return an instance of ``BackendAdapter`` for the synchronization. The instanciation is delayed because some synchronisations do not need such an unit and the unit may not exist. It looks for a Component with ``_usage`` being equal to ``_base_backend_adapter_usage``. :rtype: :py:class:`odoo.addons.component.core.Component` """ if self._backend_adapter is None: self._backend_adapter = self.component( usage=self._base_backend_adapter_usage ) return self._backend_adapter
[docs]class Exporter(AbstractComponent): """ Synchronizer for exporting data from Odoo to a backend """ _name = 'base.exporter' _inherit = 'base.synchronizer' _usage = 'exporter' #: usage of the component used as mapper, can be customized in sub-classes _base_mapper_usage = 'export.mapper'
[docs]class GenericExporter(AbstractComponent): """ Generic Synchronizer for exporting data from Odoo to a backend """ _name = 'generic.exporter' _inherit = 'base.exporter' _default_binding_field = None def __init__(self, working_context): super(GenericExporter, self).__init__(working_context) self.binding = None self.external_id = None
[docs] def _should_import(self): return False
[docs] def _delay_import(self): """ Schedule an import of the record. Adapt in the sub-classes when the model is not imported using ``import_record``. """ # force is True because the sync_date will be more recent # so the import would be skipped assert self.external_id self.binding.with_delay().import_record(self.backend_record, self.external_id, force=True)
[docs] def run(self, binding, *args, **kwargs): """ Run the synchronization :param binding: binding record to export """ self.binding = binding self.external_id = self.binder.to_external(self.binding) try: should_import = self._should_import() except IDMissingInBackend: self.external_id = None should_import = False if should_import: self._delay_import() result = self._run(*args, **kwargs) self.binder.bind(self.external_id, self.binding) # Commit so we keep the external ID when there are several # exports (due to dependencies) and one of them fails. # The commit will also release the lock acquired on the binding # record if not odoo.tools.config['test_enable']: self.env.cr.commit() # noqa self._after_export() return result
[docs] def _run(self, fields=None): """ Flow of the synchronization, implemented in inherited classes""" assert self.binding if not self.external_id: fields = None # should be created with all the fields if self._has_to_skip(): return # export the missing linked resources self._export_dependencies() # prevent other jobs to export the same record # will be released on commit (or rollback) self._lock() map_record = self._map_data() if self.external_id: record = self._update_data(map_record, fields=fields) if not record: return _('Nothing to export.') self._update(record) else: record = self._create_data(map_record, fields=fields) if not record: return _('Nothing to export.') self.external_id = self._create(record) return _('Record exported with ID %s on Backend.') % self.external_id
[docs] def _after_export(self): """ Can do several actions after exporting a record on the backend """ pass
[docs] def _lock(self): """ Lock the binding record. Lock the binding record so we are sure that only one export job is running for this record if concurrent jobs have to export the same record. When concurrent jobs try to export the same record, the first one will lock and proceed, the others will fail to lock and will be retried later. This behavior works also when the export becomes multilevel with :meth:`_export_dependencies`. Each level will set its own lock on the binding record it has to export. """ sql = ("SELECT id FROM %s WHERE ID = %%s FOR UPDATE NOWAIT" % self.model._table) try: self.env.cr.execute(sql, (self.binding.id, ), log_exceptions=False) except psycopg2.OperationalError: _logger.info('A concurrent job is already exporting the same ' 'record (%s with id %s). Job delayed later.', self.model._name, self.binding.id) raise RetryableJobError( 'A concurrent job is already exporting the same record ' '(%s with id %s). The job will be retried later.' % (self.model._name, self.binding.id))
[docs] def _has_to_skip(self): """ Return True if the export can be skipped """ return False
[docs] @contextmanager def _retry_unique_violation(self): """ Context manager: catch Unique constraint error and retry the job later. When we execute several jobs workers concurrently, it happens that 2 jobs are creating the same record at the same time (binding record created by :meth:`_export_dependency`), resulting in: IntegrityError: duplicate key value violates unique constraint "my_backend_product_product_odoo_uniq" DETAIL: Key (backend_id, odoo_id)=(1, 4851) already exists. In that case, we'll retry the import just later. .. warning:: The unique constraint must be created on the binding record to prevent 2 bindings to be created for the same External record. """ try: yield except psycopg2.IntegrityError as err: if err.pgcode == psycopg2.errorcodes.UNIQUE_VIOLATION: raise RetryableJobError( 'A database error caused the failure of the job:\n' '%s\n\n' 'Likely due to 2 concurrent jobs wanting to create ' 'the same record. The job will be retried later.' % err) else: raise
[docs] def _export_dependency(self, relation, binding_model, component_usage='record.exporter', binding_field=None, binding_extra_vals=None): """ Export a dependency. The exporter class is a subclass of ``GenericExporter``. If a more precise class need to be defined, it can be passed to the ``exporter_class`` keyword argument. .. warning:: a commit is done at the end of the export of each dependency. The reason for that is that we pushed a record on the backend and we absolutely have to keep its ID. So you *must* take care not to modify the Odoo database during an export, excepted when writing back the external ID or eventually to store external data that we have to keep on this side. You should call this method only at the beginning of the exporter synchronization, in :meth:`~._export_dependencies`. :param relation: record to export if not already exported :type relation: :py:class:`odoo.models.BaseModel` :param binding_model: name of the binding model for the relation :type binding_model: str | unicode :param component_usage: 'usage' to look for to find the Component to for the export, by default 'record.exporter' :type exporter: str | unicode :param binding_field: name of the one2many field on a normal record that points to the binding record (default: my_backend_bind_ids). It is used only when the relation is not a binding but is a normal record. :type binding_field: str | unicode :binding_extra_vals: In case we want to create a new binding pass extra values for this binding :type binding_extra_vals: dict """ if binding_field is None: binding_field = self._default_binding_field if not relation: return rel_binder = self.binder_for(binding_model) # wrap is typically True if the relation is for instance a # 'product.product' record but the binding model is # 'my_bakend.product.product' wrap = relation._name != binding_model if wrap and hasattr(relation, binding_field): domain = [('odoo_id', '=', relation.id), ('backend_id', '=', self.backend_record.id)] binding = self.env[binding_model].search(domain) if binding: assert len(binding) == 1, ( 'only 1 binding for a backend is ' 'supported in _export_dependency') # we are working with a unwrapped record (e.g. # product.category) and the binding does not exist yet. # Example: I created a product.product and its binding # my_backend.product.product and we are exporting it, but we need # to create the binding for the product.category on which it # depends. else: bind_values = {'backend_id': self.backend_record.id, 'odoo_id': relation.id} if binding_extra_vals: bind_values.update(binding_extra_vals) # If 2 jobs create it at the same time, retry # one later. A unique constraint (backend_id, # odoo_id) should exist on the binding model with self._retry_unique_violation(): binding = (self.env[binding_model] .with_context(connector_no_export=True) .sudo() .create(bind_values)) # Eager commit to avoid having 2 jobs # exporting at the same time. The constraint # will pop if an other job already created # the same binding. It will be caught and # raise a RetryableJobError. if not odoo.tools.config['test_enable']: self.env.cr.commit() # noqa else: # If my_backend_bind_ids does not exist we are typically in a # "direct" binding (the binding record is the same record). # If wrap is True, relation is already a binding record. binding = relation if not rel_binder.to_external(binding): exporter = self.component(usage=component_usage, model_name=binding_model) exporter.run(binding)
[docs] def _export_dependencies(self): """ Export the dependencies for the record""" return
[docs] def _map_data(self): """ Returns an instance of :py:class:`~odoo.addons.connector.components.mapper.MapRecord` """ return self.mapper.map_record(self.binding)
[docs] def _validate_create_data(self, data): """ Check if the values to import are correct Pro-actively check before the ``Model.create`` if some fields are missing or invalid Raise `InvalidDataError` """ return
[docs] def _validate_update_data(self, data): """ Check if the values to import are correct Pro-actively check before the ``Model.update`` if some fields are missing or invalid Raise `InvalidDataError` """ return
[docs] def _create_data(self, map_record, fields=None, **kwargs): """ Get the data to pass to :py:meth:`_create` """ return map_record.values(for_create=True, fields=fields, **kwargs)
[docs] def _create(self, data): """ Create the External record """ # special check on data before export self._validate_create_data(data) return self.backend_adapter.create(data)
[docs] def _update_data(self, map_record, fields=None, **kwargs): """ Get the data to pass to :py:meth:`_update` """ return map_record.values(fields=fields, **kwargs)
[docs] def _update(self, data): """ Update an External record """ assert self.external_id # special check on data before export self._validate_update_data(data) self.backend_adapter.write(self.external_id, data)
[docs]class Importer(AbstractComponent): """ Synchronizer for importing data from a backend to Odoo """ _name = 'base.importer' _inherit = 'base.synchronizer' _usage = 'importer' #: usage of the component used as mapper, can be customized in sub-classes _base_mapper_usage = 'import.mapper'
[docs]class Deleter(AbstractComponent): """ Synchronizer for deleting a record on the backend """ _name = 'base.deleter' _inherit = 'base.synchronizer' #: usage of the component used as mapper, can be customized in sub-classes _usage = 'deleter'